An Introduction to Knitting Stitches
They play a vital role in any knitted fabric. The shape, type and pattern of these stitches add to or take away from the appeal of the finished product. They also determine the quality of the fabric. The stitches produced using knitting machines are generally more even-textured than the ones produced by hand/manually. Some are easier to produce with hand knitting, while the others are easier to produce with knitting machines.
Hundreds of beautiful patterns can designs can be created on cloth with the aid of knitting stitches. These stitches combined with purls can literally create visual effects on cloth. Permutations and combinations in these stitches and purls create fabulous effects on cloth. Purls, stitches and wales combined together, literally create the most interesting patterns and designs ever.
The easiest form of knitting stitches is the stocking stitch. It is used for creating stable fabrics that curl up when one is done with knitting. This type of stitch is usually used in making pullovers, single-colored sweaters, shawls etc.
The striped stocking stitch is a type of stitch whereby a new color can be incorporated in every stitch row. But on a machine, an even number of rows should be knitted before making color changes in the succeeding rows. If a person is hand-knitting, then he/she can create several interesting designs with a ‘striped stock stitch’.
The ‘Fair Isle’ patterns of stitches take the process of knitting to an entirely different level. By means of this pattern of stitch, one can incorporate two colors in every row. These stitch patterns can be knitted on machines with patterning devices (electronics, punch cards etc.) or on older models of machine by hand-selection of needles. One can create appealing visual effects of cloth through the Fair Isle stitch.
The ‘Tuck Stitch’ is a textured pattern that can be created only with the use of a knitting machine. One cannot produce this stitch by means of hand knitting. Either side of the fabric can be used as the right side. This depends on the knitter’s preferences. One can incorporate two or three colors in a fabric with this type of stitch.
The ‘Slip Stitch’ is a variant of the tuck stitch. It is less textured than the tuck stitch. The slip stitch thus isn’t as appealing as the tuck stitch. One can incorporate one or more colors on a fabric that is knit using this type of stitch.
The ‘Knit Stitch’, a very common type of stitch is formed by making loops which interweave one another, alternately. When viewed from the knit side of the pattern, the knit stitch will resemble ‘v’ patterns. The ‘purl stitch’, another basic stitch resembles a ‘brick-face’.
The ‘Stockinette Stitch’ is one of the most widely used knitting stitches. It consists of alternate rows of knit and purl stitches.
Besides, the aforementioned knitting stitches, there are many and other knitting stitches that add several dimensions to the activity of knitting. In fact, more and more knitting stitches are being incorporated by the day in the world of knitting.
We have beautiful patterns and designs on our sweatshirts, pullovers, shawls, scarves, socks etc, courtesy the enchanting knitting stitches.